a model refrigerator car with Swift Refrigerator Line branding

Rules for the Operation of Cars and Trains 2½-Inch Gauge and Larger

  • It is recommended that all riding cars have effective brakes.
  • All trains must be able to demonstrate the ability to stop safely.
  • Either Couplers and safety chains, or drawbars, must be used between locomotives and all cars of a train. All safety chains must have welded links and have a minimum stock diameter of 0.110-inch. Trains operated on the multi-gauge loop may use smaller, appropriately sized chain.
  • The attaching points for safety chains must be firmly mounted to the structure of each car and locomotive.
  • All trains with passengers occupying more than two cars or with more than six total passengers must have a conductor on the last riding car to enforce passenger and train safety. Any such train must have 2-way radio communication between engineer and conductor.
  • No car will exceed a load of one adult per axle.
  • Loading of trains will be done at the stations, unless otherwise directed by the engineer / conductor.
  • All cars are to be constructed in a safe and sturdy manner. Cars must be free of sharp edges and pinch points.
  • It is recommended that all riding cars have seats.
  • All cars coupled together must maintain 75% vertical engagement of the couplers.
  • Rocking of cars should be kept to a minimum.
  • Seats on cars that are not attached to the car cannot be higher than the front to back length of the seat. Seats must be restrained from sliding off.
  • Seat height on freight type riding cars is to be a maximum of 18 inches from the railhead for 7¼-inch gauge. Smaller gauges should adjust seat height appropriately.
  • Passenger-carrying seats must not turn or rotate.
  • PLS reserves the right to declare a car or train unsafe for service and prohibit its use.

Approved by the PLS Membership August 21, 2004